Douglas-fir cone insects and their control by Norman E. Johnson

Cover of: Douglas-fir cone insects and their control | Norman E. Johnson

Published by Queen"s Printer in [Ottawa .

Written in English

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  • Canada.


  • Douglas fir -- Diseases and pests.,
  • Insect pests -- Control -- Canada.

Edition Notes

Cover title.

Book details

Statementby Norman E. Johnson and Alan F. Hedlin.
ContributionsHedlin, Alan F., joint author.
LC ClassificationsSD13 .A215 no. 1168
The Physical Object
Pagination11 p.
Number of Pages11
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5667002M
LC Control Number68119609

Download Douglas-fir cone insects and their control

Systox-R, or Bidrin will control Douglas-fir cone and seed insects if the foliage is covered mixing the correct concentration are, for a one percent concentration of add water to ons of emulsifiable concen-trate to make of spray.

Three and one-tenth Ions of dimethoate, or. rabbits eat foliage and twigs within their reach. Bears may feed on new sapwood and inner bark in the spring and early summer.

Erosion Control and Windbreaks: Although it is seldom used, Douglas-fir is an excellent tree for windbreaks on adapted soils. It is also excellent for restoring eroded lands, watersheds, and strip-mined areas.

complete their life cycle; spruce and Douglas-fir. The galls it produces on spruce are formed by aphid - like insects. Excessive numbers of these insects occur on cones, which may affect seed production. Host: Spruce Douglas-fir.

Cooley spruce gall adelgid is native to North America and is widespread. Insects and canker fungi have settled on weakened portions of trees, girdling branches and stems. The list below is the most common insects in a drought-stressed or dead Douglas-fir.

Douglas-fir twig weevils (Cylindrocopturnus furnissi) and other twig beetles. These kill twigs and small branches. Douglas-fir engraver beetles (Scolytus.

SPRUCE CONE INSECTS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA AND THEIR CONTROL - Volume Issue 1 - A. Hedlin. Douglas-fir cone insects and their control. Can. Dep. For. Rural Dev., For. Dep. Publ. Kangas, Esko and Leskinen, K.

Pegohylemyia anthracina Czerny (Dipt.: Muscidae) as a pest of spruce by: PDF | On Jan 1,Gordon E. Miller and others published Cone and seed insects | Find, read and cite all the research you need on Douglas-fir cone insects and their control book. Conifer and Hardwood Insects Distribution Seed and cone insects are found wherever their host tree species occur.

Some spe­ cies are host­specific such as the Douglas­ fir cone gall midge and Douglas­fir seed chalcid. Other species have a wide geographical distribution and feed on multiple hosts; for example, the western conifer seed bug.

Miller, Douglas-fir cone insects and their control book. E., and Hedlin, A. F., Douglas-fir cone moth and cone gall midge: Relation of damage and prolonged diapause to seed cone abundance in British Columbia, in: Proceedings of the Cone and Seed Insects Working Party Conference, International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, July 31—August 6,Athens (H.

Yates III. Mange av disse er fra USA, Canada og Mexico, der man har studert skader på frøproduksjon ved plantasjer (e.g. Cibrián-Tovar et al.Bates et al. Bates & Borden Skadeomfanget. Fluroxypyr is registered for selective blackberry and brush control in conifer plantations including ponderosa pine.

Clopyralid is useful for elderberry and thistle control. Triclopyr and 2,4-D can be used selectively (but avoid high rates; see label) over Douglas-fir. Douglas-fir is not a true fir at all, nor a pine or spruce.

It is a distinct species named after its discoverer Archibald Menzies and a botanist, David Douglas. A major characteristic that distinguishes it from true firs is its cone which falls from the tree intact. Douglas-fir is. Douglas fir grows tall and straight. In fact, it is the tallest conifer in the Northwest, growing to over feet (90 meters).

Only redwoods in California grow to a greater height. Douglas fir is also the most common and widely distributed species in the Pacific Northwest.

Any conifer you see west of the Cascade summit in Oregon or Washington. increasing importance. Knowledge of cone- and seed-destroying insects is in great demand in order tl1at steps may be taken for their control.

Moreover, control is within the limits of practi­ cability since the development of DDT and other new chemicals which can be. MEGASTIGMUS SPERMATROPHUS (DOUGLAS-FIR SEEDCHALCID); HYMENOPTERA: TORYMIDAE (TORYMIDS) Most species in this family are parasites of gall-forming insects, which are usually other wasps or flies.

However, in the Douglas-fir seed chalcid, the female inserts her long ovipositor through the cone scales and into the seed where she deposits an egg. A midge, Contarinia oregonensis, is one of a number of species of insects which causc seed losses in Douglas fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco.

In recent years it has been reported causing more damage than any other single species of Douglas-fir cone insect in western Washington (Johnson and Heikkkenen. Population Size. Score 0 - Large: Generally >, individuals.

Range Extent. Score 0 - Widespread species within Montana (occurs in 5% or more of the state or generally occurring in 6 or more sub-basins.) as well as outside of Montana. Area of Occupancy. Score 0 - High: Occurs in >25 Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).

Environmental Specificity. Score 0 - Low: Species is a generalist. FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS: Plant adaptations to fire: Coast Douglas-fir is more fire resistant than many of its associates and can survive moderately intense fires.

Thick, corky bark on the lower bole and roots protects the cambium from heat damage. In addition, the tall trees have their foliage concentrated on the upper bole, which makes it difficult for fire to reach the crown []; however.

Forest Insect and Disease Identification and Management Training Manual, USDA, Forest Service, R-1, Timber, Coop. Forestry and Pest Management, Idaho Department of Lands, Bureau of Private Forestry - Insect and Disease Section, Montana Department of State Lands, Division of Forestry Douglas-fir beetle is the most destructive bark beetle attacking Douglas-fir in the Northern Region.

Douglas-fir Tussock Moth The Douglas-fir tussock moth, Orgyia pseudotsugata (McDunnough), is an important defoliator of spruce, Douglas-fir, true fir and other conifers in the Rocky Mountain region. Feeding by the larvae can cause complete defoliation of heavily infested trees. Evergreen Growers Supply, LLC - Distributor of beneficial insects for biological control of aphids, flies, fungus gnats, leaf miners, mealybugs, mites, thrips, whiteflies, scales.

We also offer complimentary products such as Actinovate ag, Actinovate sp, Actino-Iron, Met52, NoFy and much more. In April the cone buds finally flower and the pollination of the seed cones takes place. During May and June fertilization takes place and the seed cones grow at a rapid pace.

From August to September the embryo and the seeds are developing. By late September the cones have matured and they shed their seeds. Cones. Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe primari-ly affects Interior Douglas-fir.

Dwarf mistletoe spreads via seeds that are ejected from their pods in the fall. These seeds land on adjacent Douglas-fir foliage and ger-minate, pene-trating through the bark. After 2—3 years, the branch swells around the point of infec-tion, and aerial shoots containing.

Insects affecting seed production in red pine. Recognition and extent of damage to cones. Can. Entomol., Mattson, W.J., Relationship between cone crop size and cone damage by insects in red pine seed production areas.

Can. Entomol., Mattson, W.J., The role of insects in the dynamics of cone production in. This green Douglas-fir cone and many detached scales are at the foot of a Douglas-fir tree.

Scales are thick on the ground within a few feet of the trunk. Farther away, scales are scarce. Two points jump out at me: One, it looks like a squirrel snipped off this cone to retrieve later.

Remember that if you resort to using chemical pesticides to control insects, you will often kill good and bad bugs alike. Even the so-called “natural” pesticides like pyrethrum and rotenone will kill many beneficial insects.

In her book Green Thoughts Eleanor Perenyi writes, “Every insect has a mortal enemy. Cultivate that enemy and he. Insects (class Insecta) have segmented bodies, jointed legs, and external skeletons. Insects are distinguished from other arthropods by their body, which is divided into three major regions: (1) the head, which bears the mouthparts, eyes, and a pair of antennae, (2) the three-segmented thorax, which usually has three pairs of legs in adults and usually one or two pairs of wings, and (3) the.

Besides Douglas fir, other possible names include Doug-fir, false spruce, red fir, Oregon pine, Douglas pine, yellow fir, and Douglas spruce. Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii is the coast Douglas fir. Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca may be called either the interior Douglas fir or the Rocky Mountain Douglas fir.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. Oblong, tan cones, 3 to 4 inches long with conspicuous 3-pointed bracts protruding between scales. Cones mature in one year. Cultivars and their differences variety glauca (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca): slightly more more compact than species with upright branches and bluish-green needles.

On true pine trees and larches, needles are arranged and attached to the branches in bundles or clusters with two, three, or five needles per bunch, however, the needles of other conifers including spruce, fir, and hemlock trees are not grouped in these clusters and thus they can only be identified by other traits of the needles, branches, and bark.

3 Insects play one of the most important roles in their ecosystems, which includes many roles, such as soil turning and aeration, dung burial, pest control, pollination and wildlife nutrition. An example is the beetles, which are scavengers that feed on dead animals and fallen trees and thereby recycle biological materials into forms found.

The vast majority of people consider it a high priority to minimize the extent of their interaction with the insect world. Homes are sealed, sprayed, and kept meticulously clean so as to reduce the probability that they will be invaded by insects; similarly, bodies are bathed, hair is shampooed, and clothing regularly washed in order to eliminate any unwanted contact with six-legged life s: They climbed inside the open cones to get to the plentiful seed.

This invasion angered the Douglas Fir. The fir snapped shut all its cones, trapping the little mice inside. To this day when you look at a Douglas Fir cone you can see the little back legs and tails of the. Parasites or Insects That Infest Conifers. Conifers are a large group of evergreen trees that include pines (Pinus spp.), spruces (Picea spp.), firs (Abies spp.) and several others.

Though. Sampling Methods for Forest and Shade Tree Insects of North America Volume 1 Christopher J. Fettig, Jeffrey G.

Fidgen, Quintin C. McClellan, and Scott M. Salom. Pseudotsuga menziesii is an evergreen conifer species in the pine family, is native to western North America and is known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, and Columbian pine.

Despite its common name, it is not a true fir (i.e. it is not a member of the genus Abies).There are three varieties: coast Douglas-fir (P. menziesii var. menziesii), Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir (P.

The Douglas-fir cone moth is perhaps a more serious pest in the drier, interior portions of the Douglas-fir range and the Contarinia spp. in the wetter regions. Any of these insects, however, may effectively destroy a cone crop in a given location (27).

Management guidance in this book complements Field Guide to the Common Diseases. and Insect Pests of Oregon and Washington Conifers (Goheen, E.M., and te,USDA Forest Service), which is an identification guide. Throughout this publication, we refer to specific pages in Goheen & Willhite for help in.

True firs are in the genus Abies and there are between species of these evergreen conifers worldwide. The trees are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in higher elevations and mountains over most of the range.

Cone and seed insects in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) seed orchards in the western United States: distribution and relative impact.

Canadian Entomologist Schowalter, T.D. Comparison of arthropods emerging in the spring from Douglas-fir litter between a mature stand and a seed orchard in western Oregon. The Douglas-fir cone moth is perhaps a more serious pest in the drier, interior portions of the Douglas-fir range and the Contarinia spp.

in the wetter regions. Any of these insects, however, may effectively destroy a cone crop in a given location (27).

Phylum - Insects, Springtails, Millipedes - Mandibulata. Class - Insects - Insecta. Order - Butterflies / Moths - Lepidoptera. Family - Leaf Roller Moths - Tortricidae. Species - Douglas-fir Cone Moth - .The pine seed bug, also called the Western conifer seed bug, (Leptoglossus occidentalis) is a common household accidental invader found inside Iowa homes during the fall, winter and spring.

This harmless nuisance most closely resembles the squash bug found on pumpkin and squash foliage during the summer. The pine seed bug is in a small group of insects called the leaffooted bugs.Host sampling and cytohistology. Young growing cones were collected in from trees in two southeastern host populations in which preliminary field work confirmed the presence of their respective seed-specialized wasps: (i) a windbreak plantation of virens in Montfavet, France (43°55'"N, 4°52'"E, 23 m asl.) and (ii) a natural stand of Cedrus atlantica in Luberon.

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